Up until now, hypertension remains a major challenge in the world. Hypertension is a condition that is often found in the primary health care level. In addition, control of hypertension has not been adequate even though effective drugs are now widely available. Hypertension or high blood pressure is an increase in systolic blood pressure over 140 mmHg and diastolic blood pressure over 90 mmHg on two occasions with an interval of five minutes with rest. Hypertension is a silent killer with varied symptoms throughout different individuals.
Hypertension is a disease with a variety of medical conditions. In most patients, the etiology pathophysiology are unknown (essential or primary hypertension). Primary hypertension is not curable but can be controlled and managed. On the other hand, secondary hypertension is caused by special condition.
More than 90% of patients with hypertension have primary hypertension, also known as essential hypertension. There is no single theory that states the pathogenesis of primary hypertension, however, several mechanism that may contribute to the occurrence has been identified. Due to the hereditary nature of hypertension, it is suggested that genetic also plays an important role in the pathogenesis of primary hypertension. Hypertension Treatment in Pimpri Chinchwad at Health Box Polyclinic is possible with affordable cost.
Less than 10% of patients with hypertension have the condition due to comorbid disease or intake of certain drugs that can increase blood pressure. Secondary hypertension causes can be identified, for example: renal vascular disorders, thyroid gland disorders (hyperthyroidism), or adrenal gland disease (hyperaldosteronism). In about 5-10% of patients with hypertension, the cause is kidney disease. In about 1-2%, the cause is hormonal abnormalities or use of certain medications. Hypertension can lead to cardiology problems.