Neurology is a specialty of medicine that focuses on the study, diagnosis, and treatment of diseases of the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. The central nervous system includes the brain and the spinal cord, while the peripheral nervous system is made up of the somatic and the autonomic nervous system. They play an important part in picking up sensitive information from the peripheral organs like eyes, ears, etc., carrying the information to the brain, and controlling the nerves of the inner organs like the heart, digestive system, etc.
A neurologist is a doctor specializing in neurology and trained to research or diagnose and treat neurological diseases. Neurologists may also be involved in clinical examination, and clinical trials, as well as introductory study and translational study. While neurology is a non-surgical specialty, its corresponding surgical specialty is neurosurgery hospital. Neurology, being a branch of medication, differs from neuroscience, which is the scientific study of the nervous system in all its aspects.
During a neurological examination, the neurologist reviews the patient’s health history with special attention to the current condition. The patient also takes a neurological examination center. Generally, the examination tests mental status, function of the cranial nerves, strength, coordination, responses, and sensation.