Osteoarthritis is the most common chronic joint disease that effects quality of life and daily function. It is a deterioration of the joints, causing inflammation, pain, and restricted range of motion. Treatment will not reverse osteoarthritis but can slow down the process and improve the symptoms associated with it.
Osteoarthritis is a situation that involves the wear and tear of the cartilage / natural cushioning between joints. The shock-absorbing capacities of the cartilage are reduced and results in the bones at the joints rubbing against each other causing pain, swelling, stiffness, inability to move, and emergence of bone spurs.
Knee pain is a standout amongst the most well-known yet ignored musculoskeletal conditions. Osteoarthritis is one of the leading causes of knee pain. While it can happen even in youngsters, the possibility of osteoarthritis ascends after the age of 45. Women are more prone towards it.
Cases of osteoarthritis are rapidly increasing in India due to the changing lifestyles and eating habits.
The most common causes for knee osteoarthritis include factors of age; weight gain; heredity factors; gender (women above 55); repetitive stress injuries such as kneeling, squatting, or lifting heavy weights (55 pounds or more); athletics involving soccer, tennis, or long-distance running; and other illness such as rheumatoid arthritis, metabolic disorders (iron overload) and excess growth hormones.
Surgery is said to be the last resort for treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee. This is because in a revolutionary study on meniscal tears and the treatment of Osteoarthritis by the New England Journal of Medicine, it was resolved that there were no irrelevant contrasts between patients settling on surgery over an escalated regiment of non-intrusive treatment / physiotherapy.
The differences between the two procedures include:
Despite the problems posed by surgery, it is a definite tool in the treatment of osteoarthritis of knee, but only recommended in extreme conditions.
Physiotherapy is in every way the best procedure to go about it. Physiotherapy is aimed toward biomechanical corrections of the affected knee, thereby preventing the osteoarthritis from taking a serious shape. It’s therapeutic nature and capacity to provide relief often postpones the need for surgery or dismisses it altogether.
We at Health Box Polyclinic are working on preventive care that includes diet management in the integrated wellness programme.