What exactly is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease characterized by elevated levels of glucose (blood sugar) in our bodies. This can happen if the body does not produce enough insulin (a hormone produced in the pancreas) or does not use insulin properly.
Insulin facilitates the transport of glucose from food into your body’s cells for energy production. If your body does not produce enough insulin or does not use the insulin properly, glucose accumulates in your blood.
Diabetes is a chronic disease that affects our body’s ability to regulate blood sugar levels. While both men and women can develop diabetes, some symptoms are more common in women.
Secondary studies have revealed that the incidence of diabetes among women in India has increased, with more than one in ten women aged 35 to 49 years suffering from the disease.
In comparison to diabetic men, diabetic women have:
- A higher risk of heart disease, the most common diabetic complication
- After a heart attack, there is a lower chance of survival and a lower quality of life.
- A higher risk of blindness
- An increased risk of depression (which affects twice as many women compared to men). In addition, depression increases the risk of diabetes in women.
- Unfortunately, nearly one-third of diabetic women are unaware of their condition. Furthermore, they do not receive adequate treatment for diabetes complications.
Diabetes is classified into three types:
Type 1 diabetes, is a chronic condition in which the pancreas’ specialised cells produce little or no insulin. There could be genetic as well as environmental factors. Type 1 diabetes can strike at any age, but it most commonly strikes children or teenagers
Type 2 diabetes, also known as adult-onset diabetes, is the most common type and is more common in people over the age of 40. This type of diabetes develops when your body is unable to use insulin effectively. This can be due to a genetic factor, a lack of exercise, or even being overweight.
Gestational diabetes: This occurs in pregnant women and may resolve after the baby is delivered.
Diabetes, regardless of the type, raises blood sugar levels and can lead to serious health problems.
Diabetes Symptoms in Women :
While women with diabetes may experience many of the same symptoms as men, some symptoms are unique to women. Understanding more about these symptoms may aid in the early detection and treatment of diabetes. Female-specific symptoms include:
- Vaginal and Oral Yeast Infections, as well as Vaginal Thrush:
A yeast infection (Candida fungus overgrowth) can cause oral yeast infections, vaginal yeast infections, and vaginal thrush. When the fungus grows in the vaginal area, it is triggered by high lev (common in women) and may include:
- Itching, soreness,
- vaginal discharge
- Painful sex
- Vulva/vaginal burning and irritation
A white coating on the tongue and inside the mouth is common in oral yeast infections.
2. Sexual Dysfunction in Women
Diabetic neuropathy occurs when high blood glucose levels damage nerve fibres. This can cause numbness and tingling in various parts of the body. This condition can also impair vaginal sensation and reduce a woman’s sexual drive.
3. UTIs (Urinary Tract Infections):
Women with diabetes are more likely to develop a UTI. UTIs occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract. These infections can result in:
- Urine that is cloudy or has a blood tinge to it
- Sensation of burning
- Urination that hurts
If these symptoms are not treated promptly, there is a risk of kidney infection. UTIs are common in diabetic women, owing to the immune system being compromised by hyperglycemia.
4. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) (PCOS)
PCOS symptoms include:
- Periodic irregularities
- gaining weight
PCOS can also cause insulin resistance, which causes high blood sugar levels and increases the risk of developing diabetes.
Women’s Diabetes Risk Factors
The majority of diabetes risk factors are the same for men and women. These are some examples:
- Having a child weighing more than 9 pounds (lb)
- a previous pregnancy with gestational diabetes
- Diabetes in the family
- PCOS in the Past
- Blood pressure that is too high
- Having a high cholesterol level
Getting less than 150 minutes per week of moderate-intensity physical activity (such as walking),
Anyone who has any of the above risk factors should consult their doctor and get tested for diabetes.
Diabetes Treatment :
Medication can be used to treat diabetes. Some of these medications are pills, while others are injections. Doctors will prescribe drugs or medications based on the type of diabetes you have. Dr. Abhishek Karmalkar is a Diabetes Specialist in Pimpri Chinchwad, who is an expert in treating diabetes patients for over 10+ years with many happy patients free from diabetes. Get the best diabetes treatment under Dr. Karmalkar’s guidance.
Type 1 diabetes requires the administration of insulin via injections or an insulin pump. Insulin cannot be taken orally.
Type 2 diabetes: The goal is to keep blood sugar levels stable, which can be accomplished with oral anti-diabetic medications or insulin.
Gestational diabetes: To treat this type of diabetes, you must use insulin to lower your blood sugar levels, which is also safe for the growing baby.
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Connect with Dr. Abhishek Karmalkar if you are suffering from Diabetese or any diabetic symptoms for further treatment.